You are probably reading those glowing articles about graphene in the scientific journals ever since this amazing discovery in 2009. Graphene is the “DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY,” the “WONDER MATERIAL” that will soon impact industries, cultures and society, positively and globally. Graphene is truly an advanced material! As you read this report you will see how graphene is going to affect your life.
Starting in 2009 the scientific community went on a mad dash to discover all the incredible uses of graphene. There was just one little problem. It cost these labs thousands of dollars to only make a few grams of single-layer graphene. Only rich research labs could afford to buy it, much less to put it into common everyday items anyone could afford.
This is an incredible revolutionary substance made of carbon, the atom that is contained in almost everything that exists… including diamonds. So, it is no surprise that graphene is 200 times stronger than steel. And as you know, diamonds are formed from carbon at extremely high temperatures… and so is graphene.
A pyrolysis system transform forestry products –any sustainable, renewable biomass energy source– like waste products, crop residues, railway ties, cattle manure, and even plastics and tires… into high-value products.
Most of the hype about graphene is concerning the single-layer carbon product, which costs a fortune to make, even in very small quantities. But cell phones made from it are already on the market.
Before we go on any further, we need to define some terms. There are four types of graphene on the market today.
The first is single-layer graphene sprayed on a copper substrate, which is very expensive and is used in electronics. Samsung, Apple, SanDisk, IBM and others have hundreds of patents concerning one-layer graphene and graphene balls and carbon Nano-tubes.
The seemingly impossible strength of a single molecule layer of graphene
Second, there is the 2-10-layer carbon platelets, which are much cheaper and can be used for industrial uses.
Third, there are the over 11 layer-Nano-carbon platelets used for industry.
Fourth, there is a carbon product called biochar and is used on crops to increase crop production.
Lastly, there is something called graphene oxide. Unfortunately, some producers of graphene oxide are passing it off as high-quality single-layer graphene with incredible properties, when it definitely is not the same thing. Sometimes it’s almost like crushed BBQ briquettes. Buyers Beware!
The second and third types of high-quality carbon has many uses in industry. It can be used in composite materials (add to Nano-fiberglass or carbon fiber) for sports equipment like:
It can also be used in:
3D printing resin for additional strength,
Graphene-infused engine oil additive to increase gas mileage up to 30%,
Poly-conductive plastics and any product in the nano-fiberglass market.
Mixed with polymers it makes a ballistic armor (bullet proof) coating. Imagine a coating of this on military vehicles and helicopters. Think about it being woven into textiles.
In the foam insulation sheeting industry for homes or commercial use a very small amounts of carbon powder can be added to the foam mix to makes it stronger. This raises the R-factor by a factor of 10 and also makes it fireproof. Some engineers used this foam mixture and exposed the hard foam sheet to a direct flame from a blow torch to see if it would burn. It didn’t. It just glowed red! Untreated Styrofoam can be set on fire with a cigarette lighter, so this can be a huge plus for home-owners.
In the cement industry, especially pre-stressed concrete, adding the superior carbon powder into the mix will increase the compressive strength, the tensile strength and insulation value considerably. And it cures in 5 to 7 days, not 28 days as with old-fashioned Portland cement. And its water resistance also makes this mix ideal for wet locations. It hasn’t been tested yet for freeze/thaw resistance, but its superior water resistance indicates that this will be a real help for highways, bridges and foundations in cold regions like northern Canada and Alaska.